5 Common Allergy Triggers

Other people might be fine around pets or pollen, but you tear up, start wheezing, or break out in a rash. You may have allergic sensitivities. An allergic reaction takes place as your system reacts to a foreign substance that, for you, acts as a reaction trigger

The first step toward coping with your allergies is to identify your triggers, and put together a plan to avoid them, or to mitigate your exposure. Once you’ve figured out what triggers your allergies, you can figure out the best way to handle potential exposure and any resulting symptoms.

The experienced team at Columbia Internal Medicine of Castleton, New York can help you identify your allergy triggers and put together a plan to manage potential reactions. Here are some of the most common indoor and outdoor allergy triggers for adults in the United States. You could have an allergic reaction to something more exotic, but there’s a good chance that the source of your sinus problems could be on this list.

1. Pollen

For some, allergies are a seasonal problem, as trees and plants outside produce and distribute pollen that can trigger symptoms, like sneezing, itching, stuffy nose, and irritated eyes. If you have pollen allergies, medications may be helpful, especially alongside lifestyle changes, like keeping doors and windows closed during high-pollen times of the year.

2. Dust and mold

Pollen isn’t the only airborne allergen that can cause problems. Indoor airborne allergens, like dust and mold, can also cause symptoms, such as congestion and itchy eyes. You may need to switch up your cleaning routine, or work with a professional to eliminate stubborn household molds. Be aware of allergy triggers relating to dust and mold in your workplace, as well!

3. Animal dander

If you have pet allergies, it’s not actually the animal itself that causes the problem, but their dander. Pet dander, a lightweight flaky dust, comes from your pet’s grooming habits, and can cause irritating allergy symptoms, often in or around your sinuses. You may need to rehome pets, if your allergies worsen. You could also be allergically sensitive to cockroach dander, in which case, an exterminator might be your new best friend.

4. Insects

Insect bites and stings contain toxins that can cause allergic reactions in some people. If you have an allergic reaction to an insect, you could see a large amount of swelling around the area of the bite or sting, and experience itching, hives, and wheezing and shortness of breath. Allergic reactions to insects can progress to full-blown anaphylaxis, restricting your access to vital oxygen, so you may need emergency treatment or fast-acting medication.

5. Foods

Many people have allergic sensitivities to some foods. If you ingest a food you’re allergic to, such as peanuts or shellfish, you could experience a tingling feeling in your mouth, swelling around your lips and face, and hives. Food allergies can also cause anaphylaxis, causing a shock reaction that can become medically serious, so you may need to take care to avoid exposure to your trigger food, or be prepared with emergency medications.

To talk with the Columbia Internal Medicine team about your allergy triggers, and get started developing your unique treatment plan today. Click here to book an appointment.

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